City Social Magazine

SEP 2014

City Social Magazine in Baton Rouge, Louisiana

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16 toŵen redƵce yoƵr cancer rŝƐŬ and Őet yoƵr teƐtƐ to fnd cancer early. Basic Description Breast cancer develops from cells in the breast. The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass, but most are benign. Other signs include a gen- eralized swelling of part of a breast (even if no ump is felt), skin irritation or dimpling, nipple pain or retraction, redness or scaliness of the nipple or breast skin, or a spontaneous discharge other than milk. Opportunities Prevention We do not know how to prevent breast cancer, but it's possible for a woman of average risk to reduce her risk of developing the disease. Lifestyle factors, such as reducing alcohol use, breast-feeding, engaging in regular physical activity, and staying at a healthy weight are all associated with lower risk. Estrogen-blacking drugs, such as tamoxifen and ral- oxifene, can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer in some high-risk women. Some risk factors cannot be changed, such as age, race, family history of disease, and reproductive history. Detection The earlier breast cancer is found, the bet- ter the chances for successful treatment. a mammo- gram can often show breast changes that may be cancer before physical symptoms develop. Some cancers that are not seen on a mammogram may still be felt by a woman of her health care provider. For this reason, American Cancer Society recommends the following guidelines for finding breast cancer early: • Women age 40 and older should have a mammo- gram every year and should continue to do so for as long as they are in good health. • Women in their 20s and 30s should have a clinical breast exam (CBE) b a health professional at least every 3 years. After age 40, women should have a CBE every year. • Women should know how their breasts normally look and feel and report any breast change to a health care provider right away. Breast self- examination (BSE) is an option for women start- ing in their 20s. • Screening MRI is recommended for women at high risk of breast cancer, including women with a strong family history of breast or ovarian can- cer, those with a lifetime risk of about 20% to25% or cancer gene mutation, and women who were treated for Hodgkin disease. Treatment Treatment is most successful when breast cancer is detected early. Depending in the situation and the patient's choices, treatment may involve breast conservation surgery or mastectomy. In both cases, lymph nodes under the arm may be removed. Women who have a mastectomy have several other options with their doctors. Other treatments are radiation therapy, chemothera- py, hormone therapy and monoclonal antibody thera- py. Often, 2 or more methods are used in combina- tion. Patients should discuss all treatment options with their doctors. Who is at risk? Gender Being a woman is the greatest factor for breast cancer; however, men also can develop breast cancer. Age The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age. About 2 or 3 invasive breast cancers are found in women age 55 or older. 16 Breast Cancer Fact Sheet Provided by the American Cancer Society r e A d u S o n l i n e A t w w w . C i t y S o C i A l . C o m Heredity Breast Cancer risks are higher among women with a family history of the disease. Having a first-degree relative with breast cancer before the age of 40 or in both breasts increases a woman's risk even more. However, it is important to remember that most women with breast cancer do not have a first- degree relative with the disease. Other risk factors • Post-menopausal hormone therapy with estrogen and progesterone therapy • Overweight or obesity, especially excessive weight gain after menopause • More than one alcoholic drink daily • Physical inactivity • Long menstrual history • Never having children or having first live birth after age 30 • Previous chest radiation to treat a different cancer • Previous history of breast cancer or certain benign breast conditions Quality of life issues From the time of diagnosis, the quality of life for every cancer patient and survivor is affected in some way. They may be affected socially, psychologically, physically and spiritually. Concerns that patients and survivors most often express are fear of recurrence; chronic and/or acute pain; sexual problems; fatigue; guilt for delaying screening or treatment, or for doing things that may have caused the cancer; changes in physical appear- ance; depression; sleep difficulties; changes in what they are able to do after treatment; and the burden of finances and loved ones. Women with breats cancer often feel uncertainty about treatment options and have concerns about their fatigue, sexuality and body image. Bottom Line Nearly all breast cancers can be treated successfully if found early. Today, the most effective ways to detect breast cancer early are to have yearly mam- mograms starting at age 40 and to have regular breast exams by a doctor or nurse. Some things that may reduce a woman's risk of getting breast cancer include being physically active, staying at a healthy weight and limiting alcohol use. Breast Cancer in the United States: 2014 estimate New Cases • Women: 232,670 • Men: 2,360 Deaths • Women: 40,000 • Men: 430 5-year relative survival rate for localized stage: 99% 5-year relative survival rate for all stages combined: 90% for whit women and 79% for African American women The American Cancer Society saves lives and creates more birthdays by helping you stay well, helping you get well, by finding cures, and by fighting back. For more information, visit www.caancer.org or call (800) 227-2345.

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